1980's

1980

  • On 5 January, the UN Security Council convenes a meeting on Afghanistan and 13 out of 15 members demand the withdrawal of Soviet troops.

  • On 14 January, the UN General Assembly passes a Resolution with 104 supporting, 18 opposing and 18 abstention votes for the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • On 20 January, President Jimmy Carter announces a US boycott of the Moscow-held Olympics unless the USSR withdraws from Afghanistan.

  • On 22 February, thousands of Kabul inhabitants take to the streets protesting the Soviet presence. Hundreds are fired upon and killed by the Red Army.

  • On 21 April, Kabul University and numerous high school students stage a massive protest against the Soviet invasion.

  • On 20 November, the UN General Assembly passes a second Resolution with 111 supporting, 22 opposing and 12 abstention votes for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

1981

  • On 2 February, a UN Human Rights Commission discusses human rights violations in Afghanistan.

  • On 25 February, the Organization of the Islamic Conference convenes in Saudi Arabia and demands withdrawal of the Red Army from Afghanistan.

  • On 10 June, Sultan Ali Keshtmand becomes the new prime minister of the Communist regime.

  • On 18 November, the UN General Assembly passes a third Resolution with 116 supporting, 23 opposing and 12 abstention votes for the withdrawal of Soviet troops.

  • On 16 December, Babrak Karmal awards Leonid Brezhnev the Medal of Freedom (the highest Afghan prize) on his second trip to Moscow.

  • On 27 December, US President Ronald Reagan proposes Afghan New Year's day (March 21) as a day of solidarity with the Afghan people.

1982

  • On 22 February, the newly-elected UN Secretary, General Javier Perez de Cuellar, appoints his deputy, Diego Cordovez, as his special representative for Afghanistan.

  • On March 21, Afghanistan Day is celebrated in many world capitals with numerous demonstrations organized to seek the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • On 16 June, the first round of indirect talks between officials of the Kabul and Islamabad regimes under the supervision of Diego Cordovez, UNSG Special Representative for Afghanistan, is convened in Geneva.

  • On 29 November, the UN General Assembly passes a Resolution with 114 supporting, 21 opposing and 13 abstention votes in support of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.

1983

  • Mohammad Zahir Shah, the former King of Afghanistan, declares (from Rome) that there is a resistance in Afghanistan against the Soviet occupation.

  • On 12 June, the second round of indirect talks is convened in Geneva.

  • On 23 November, the UN General Assembly passes a fifth Resolution with 116 supporting, 20 opposing and 17 abstention votes for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • On 15 December, ten resistance commanders in northern provinces adopt a joint politico-military strategy against the Red Army.

1984

  • On 16 January, the fourth assembly of the Heads of State Organization of the Islamic Conference convenes in Casablanca and demands the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • On 21 April, the Red Army and PDPA forces launch their seventh major assault against the Panjsher Valley.

  • On 24 August, the fourth round of the indirect Geneva talks is convened.

  • On 15 November, the UN General Assembly passes a sixth Resolution on the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan with 119 supporting and 20 opposing votes.

1985

  • On 25 February, Mikail Gorbachev inaugurates the 27th session of the Soviet Communist Party meeting and labels Afghanistan "a bleeding wound."

  • On 17 May, the Red Army supported by PDPA forces launches major attacks in Kunar Province.

  • On 29 August, the fifth round of indirect Geneva talks is convened.

  • On 17 October, as the spokesperson of the Peshawar-based Mujahideen political parties, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar participates for the first time at 40th annual session of the UN General Assembly.

  • On 13 November, the UN General Assembly passes a seventh Resolution on the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan with 122 supporting, 19 opposing and 12 abstention votes.

  • On 16 December, the second session of the fifth round of indirect talks between the Kabul and Islamabad regimes is convened in Geneva.

1986

  • On 21 April, the United States declares its readiness to provide anti-aircraft Stinger missiles to the Afghan Mujahideen.

  • On 3 May, Babrak Karmal writes a request to resign as the secretary-general of the Communist party.

  • On 4 May, the 18th Assembly of the Central Committee of the Communist Party selects Dr. Najibullah as the new secretary-general.

  • On 5 May, the sixth round of the indirect Geneva talks between the Kabul and Islamabad regimes begins.

  • On 16 June, four Peshawar-based Afghan resistance leaders headed by the spokesperson Burhanuddin Rabbani meet with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at the White House.

  • On 18 July, a regime-staged court proceeding in Kabul sentences to death without their presence resistance commanders Ahmad Shah Massoud, Panah Khan, Ismail Khan, Alaudin Khan, Haqqani and Sayed Mansour Hussainyar.

  • On 28 July, Mikhail Gorbachev announces in Vladivostok the withdrawal of six Red Army regiments from Afghanistan by the end of the year.

  • On 31 July, the seventh round of the indirect Geneva Talks between representatives of the Kabul and Islamabad regimes begins.

  • On 25 September, the first anti-aircraft Stinger missile is put to use near Jalalabad airport.

  • On 5 November, the UN General Assembly passes an eighth Resolution on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan with 122 votes in favor.

1987

  • On 25 February, the eighth round of the indirect Geneva talks between Pakistani and Kabul officials begins.

  • On 11 July, a large number of resistance commanders convene a council in Ghor under the leadership of Ismail Khan.

  • On 10 November, the UN General Assembly passes a Resolution on the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan with 123 votes in favor, 19 opposing and 11 abstentions.

1988

  • On 12 April, the Geneva Accords are signed between representatives from the US, USSR, Pakistan and Afghanistan, establishing the basis for Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • On 18 May, the first convoy of Soviet troops withdrawing from Afghanistan cross the Amu Darya (Oxus River).

  • On 14 December, for the first time, the Afghan resistance leaders headed by Burhanuddin Rabbani, meets with a Soviet delegation in Taif (Saudi Arabia).

1989

  • On 27 January, most European countries and Japan close their embassies in Kabul.

  • On 15 February, with the crossing of the Soviet General Gromov over the Oxus River, the Soviet Union completes withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan.

  • On 24 February, Sibghatullah Mojadedi becomes the first president of the Resistance government.

  • On 8 March, the nine-week battle for liberation of Jalalabad begins, marking a military fiasco for some factions of the Resistance movement.

  • On 10 March, Saudi Arabia is the first country to recognize the new resistance government-in-exile.

  • On 13 March, Khost is captured by Mujahideen after a fierce battle.

  • On 7 April, the US appointed Peter Tomsen as Ambassador to the Resistance Government.

  • On 9 July, Ahmad Shad Massoud presides over a five-day strategy seminar. After this, thirty members of Jamiat are brutally massacred by Hekmatyar's Hezb-e-Islami chieftain Sayyed Jamal at Takhar's Farkhar Gorge.

  • On 5 August. during a press conference Gulbuddin Hekmatyar states that the new Resistance government lacks credibility and resigns as foreign minister.